The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has released an updated hazard alert that highlights specific hazards present in workplaces where scissor lifts are used, and defines specific controls employers must implement to prevent incidents. Below are excerpts from this important OSHA alert; the entire alert can be downloaded via this link: Working Safely with Scissors Lifts.
According to OSHA, employers are responsible for keeping workers safe when using scissor lifts and must comply with the agency’s 29 CFR standards, including attention to Fall Protection, Stabilization, Positioning, Maintaining and Training Workers.
Scissor lifts must have guardrails installed to prevent workers from falling (see 29 CFR 1926.451(g) or 29 CFR 1910.29(a)(3)(vii)). Employers should train workers to:
- Check to see that a guardrail system is in place before working on the scissor lift.
- Only stand on the work platform; never stand on the guardrails.
- Keep work within easy reach to avoid leaning away from the scissor lift.
Employers should ensure that scissor lifts are stable and will not tip over or collapse. Some safe work practices to ensure safe, stable conditions for scissor lift use include:
- Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for safe movement.
- Select work locations with firm, level surfaces away from hazards.
- Use the scissor lift outside only when weather conditions are good, generally limited to wind speeds below 28 miles per hour.
Positioning the scissor lift to avoid crushing hazards is important for safe use. Scissor lifts present crushing hazards similar to vehicles and other mobile equipment at worksites. Employers should train workers to be watchful when:
- A moving scissor lift is near a fixed object.
- A moving vehicle and the scissor lift are operating closely.
- The scissor lift passes under a fixed object, such as a door frame or a support beam.
- Positioning the scissor lift to avoid electrocution, arc flash, and thermal burns is important for safely using scissor lifts near energized power lines. Since electricity can arc or jump from the power line to the scissor lift or worker, electrocution can occur even if neither the scissor lift nor the worker touches the power line.
Employers must regularly maintain scissor lifts to ensure that they are safe to use (e.g., prevent the lifting mechanism from collapsing). Manufacturer’s maintenance and inspection instructions will generally include how to:
- Test and inspect controls and components before each use.
- Ensure that guardrail systems are in good working condition.
- Verify that brakes once set will hold the scissor lift in position.
Employers must provide workers training on hazards, including how to work safely with or near scissor lifts. (29 CFR 1926.454). Training must, at a minimum, include:
- Manufacturer’s instructions for operating the scissor lift vertically and while in transit.
- How to handle materials on the scissor lift, including weight limits.
- Other worksite hazards workers may encounter when working on a scissor lift (e.g., contact with electrical wires).
- Reporting any equipment defects or maintenance needs.
If you have any questions regarding scissor lift product safety, this OSHA alert or any other scissor lift-related topics, please feel free to contact us anytime at 800-536-1800.